How can you reliably carry out an identity check?
Some of these authenticity features can be seen with the naked eye, but other authenticity features require tools to check them. For example, authenticity features that only become visible in UV light or near-infrared light.
Partly thanks to the requirements that ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation, an agency of the United Nations) imposes on identity documents worldwide, the quality of passports and identity cards is improving. They prescribe the inclusion of an RFID chip in identity documents and more and more countries are conforming to this. In the Netherlands, this was introduced in August 2006. As a result, today every Dutch identity document contains an RFID chip. In addition to personal data, the chip contains a digital passport photo and, since 28 June 2009, the fingerprints of the legitimate holder. As a result, identity verification is becoming increasingly sophisticated.
Reading out and checking the chip is only possible with a so-called document reader. Checking the different authenticity features in different light sources also requires special equipment. These tools enable organisations to carry out an identity check in a sound and reliable manner by means of a passport check, identity card check or driving licence check.
International Civil Aviation Organisation